Agricultural Institute of Republic of Srpska - Banja Luka was founded on the 3rd July 1947th under the name Agricultural Department. The Institute has its own office buildings and administrative buildings, as well as modern and functionally equipped laboratories for research work, so that Institute could be able to follow the current trends of scientific research in agriculture. In addition, the Institute owns its own land surface and associated equipment for carrying out trials and seed production, as well as his own finishing center.
In order to work efficiently, the activities of the Institute are defined through the work of nine Departments, namely: Department for cereals, Department for maize, Department for industrial plants, Department for forage crops, Department for vegetable crops, Department for pomology and viticulture, Department for plant protection, seed science and biotechnology, Department for agroecology and Department for animal production.
The Institute carries out basic, applied and development research in the field of agriculture that are of general interest, or of strategic importance for the Republic of Srpska.
The Institute is a respectable scientific institution with the longest experience in academic research in the Republic of Srpska and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Institute currently has 92 employees, of which seven are PhDs, eight are magisters, one is master and 24 graduate engineers. In the last three years the Institute has employed 16 young graduate engineers. Experimental fields and laboratories of the Institute are used for training and performance practice for students of the Agricultural Faculty in Banja Luka. In recent years, foreign students (international trade), as well as domestic and foreign graduate students and PhD students, were working their theses, master theses and doctoral dissertations in various fields of agriculture at the Institute. Thus, the Institute makes a significant contribution to the development of science in agriculture in the Republic of Srpska.
The Institute has its own varieties of cereals, forage crops, industrial crops, vegetables and hybrid corn. So far, the Institute recognized 14 varieties of wheat, one barley, two cultivars of triticale, a cultivar of rye, four varieties of soya bean, four varieties of alfalfa, two varieties of smiljka, four varieties of grass, one variety of pea, a variety of peppers and eight hybrids of maize. The Institute conducts research in many varieties and indigenous populations.
The Institute has a dedicated machinery and highly trained personnel for the experimental field research and the production of higher categories of seeds of crop plants.
Advanced laboratories of the Department for agrochemistry and agroecology and Department for plant protection, seed science and biotechnology are the basis for inclusion of the Institute in European projects to preserve the environment and healthy food.
The Institute has its own collection of plant genes which keeps and maintains a large number of indigenous varieties and old, different populations, new varieties and hybrids of cultivated plants. Gene collection are sources of genes that are essential to create new varieties and hybrids, progress in breeding and creating new varieties depends on wealth of gene collection.